Types of Acne

Types of acne: Acne is of different types, ranging from mild to severe. In severe cases, acne can cause disfigurement. The most common types of acne are:

* Acne vulgaris (Mild/moderate): This form of acne vulgaris consists of various types of lesions. These lesions include blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. Whiteheads occur when the pores are totally blocked, resulting in trapping of sebum (oil), bacteria, and dead skin cells, giving a white appearance to the skin. If the pore is partly blocked, it allows the trapped sebum (oil), bacteria, and dead skin cells to slowly drain to the surface, giving it a blackish appearance called blackhead. Papules are inflamed, red, tender bumps without any head. An inflamed whitehead that looks like a red circle with yellow center is called a pustule.

* Acne vulgaris (Severe): Severe acne vulgaris is denoted by nodules and cysts. Nodular acne spots are far bigger, can be very painful and can sometimes last for months. Nodules are big, hard bumps below the skin's surface. Scarring usually occurs. Cyst is similar to nodule but is full of pus, with a diameter of 5 mm or more.

* Acne Rosacea: It is similar to acne vulgaris and can be easily mistaken for acne vulgaris. Rosacea afflicts innumerable people, mostly over 30 yeas old. It shows up as a red rash that appears on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. The redness is normally accompanied by bumps, pimples, and skin blemishes. Blood vessels can become more evident on the skin. It commonly occurs in women, though men suffer from more severe infections. If not treated, it can cause swelling of the nose and a condition known as rhinophyma (growth of excessive tissue).

* Severe forms of acne: These forms are rare, and in most cases, can be disfiguring, resulting in psychological problems. These forms are: Acne Conglobata, Acne Fulminans, Gram-Negative Folliculitis and Pyoderma Faciale. Acne Conglobata is the severest form of acne vulgaris and usually occurs amongst men. It is characterized by many big interconnected lesions, along with blackheads. It can result in severe irreparable damage to the skin and disfiguring scarring. It occurs on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs. It normally occurs between 18-30 years of age and can be active for a long time. Acne Fulminans is a sudden onset of acne conglobata. But besides the normal scarring and disfigurement, this type of acne is unique in causing joint pain and fever. Gram-Negative Folliculitis is a type of bacterial infection and is accompanied by pustules and cysts. The primary cause could be long-term treatment of acne vulgaris with antibiotics. Pyoderma Faciale is a type of acne afflicting only women between the ages of 20-40. It is characterized by painful large nodules, pustules and sores that can cause scarring. It starts suddenly and can affect any woman, who has never experienced acne before. It affects only the face and lasts for only about a year, but can spoil the woman’s life types of acne.

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